Biofeedback and neurofeedback techniques target stress-related causes of migraines, as well as muscle tension, stress on the trigeminal nerve, and physiological responses. It teaches the individual new techniques to use both in and out of sessions in order to establish a greater awareness and understanding of his or her body. [Research Study]
There are several biofeedback techniques that have been researched and supported as effective modalities for the treatment of migraines:
Biofeedback utilizes electronic instruments to provide visual or audio representations of physiological responses. This helps relieve anxiety, irritation and tension.
The goal of biofeedback therapy is for the individual to build a better relationship with her physiological responses in order to control and manage them, as well as reducing maladaptive symptoms of migraines and headaches that are experienced.
Eighteen percent of women and
6% of men in the United States
suffer from migraines.
Seventy six percent of women
and 57% of men report at least one headache per month.
Depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders are also found to be co-morbid with those who suffer from migraines.
The exact cause of migraines is not yet understood. Genetics and environment are found to play a role, as well as stress levels, medications, lifestyle choices, hormones, nutrition, and implications with the trigeminal nerve.
This nerve, when activated (through pressure of the jaw, stress signals, or headache triggers) will signal to the body to continue to remain in a stressed state.